How to Groom Single Coated and Double Coated Puppies


Puppies come with a wide range of coat types and lengths. Knowing the correct grooming process for your puppy’s coat type will prevent unnecessary headaches and make their coat shine.

The type of coat your puppy has will determine their specific grooming needs. While you can generally tell your puppy’s coat type through observation, a quick google search of the breed will identify their coat type and go a long way in helping the grooming process. While some puppies may have greater requirements than others, it’s always important to know what is best for your puppy. This article will focus on the grooming needs of puppies with short, single coats, long single coats, and double coats. If you really are uncomfortable with the thought of doing it, some pet stores and grooming salon for dogs will do it for you but I highly recommend you the owner and friend of the puppy should be grooming for a range of reasons, loyalty, knowing your puppies coat and body and then easier to check for abnormalities and ticks if symptoms present, and just spending some one on one time with you pup.

How do you Groom a Short, Single Coated Puppy

While your short haired puppy will require less grooming than longer hair breeds, they will still need to be groomed to encourage skin and coat health. Short hair breeds are usually safe from matting and knots which make the whole process easier and regular grooming will reduce shedding and encourage oil distribution.

  1. Bathe

Short haired puppies may only need a bath once a week or even once a month, depending on a range of factors. If your puppy does need a bath, first remove any dead hair with a brush. Then, wet your puppy and apply a dog shampoo. Be careful of the eyes, nose, ears, and mouth and be sure to rub shampoo into all areas. Rinse well. After, use a dog conditioner to keep your puppy’s skin and coat moist.

  • Dry

Use a towel to pat your puppy dry. Only use a hair dryer on the cool setting as the heat setting may cause your puppy’s skin significant discomfort.

  • Trim excess hair

Use scissors held parallel to your puppy’s body to trim any excess hair around the eyes, nose, legs, ears, and back end. Keeping hair out of your puppy’s more sensitive regions will keep happy and healthy and reduce irritation.

How do you Groom a Long Single Coated Puppy 

While a long haired puppy’s coat is a beautiful feature, it comes with some things to keep in mind. This includes difficulty detecting fleas and ticks, matting, and extensive grooming needs. Therefore it is highly important to maintain your puppy’s coat health through routine grooming and attention.

  1. Brush With a Pin Brush

Your long haired puppy will need to be brushed with a pin brush daily. This will remove loose hairs and debris. Start at your puppy’s collar and travel down their back. Use the pin brush on your puppy’s underside and legs, removing any tangles carefully by brushing through with the fingers, brush or comb.

  • Part, Spray, and Comb

The next step is to part your puppy’s hair and brush or comb it. Brush from root to tip for best results. Applying a water mist or conditioner/ detangler from a spray bottle may assist with this process and will reduce pain and discomfort for your puppy. Perform this process for the puppy’s entire coat including back, underside, and legs.

  • Smooth

Use a soft brush on your puppy’s tail and face to smooth out their finer hairs. If there are knots in these areas, use your fingers or a soft brush to gently remove them. Scissors can be used to very carefully removing matting at this point. Alternatively, a de-matting rake can be used to remove any remaining matting.

How do you Groom a Double Coat Puppy

Double coated puppies shed… a lot. The double coat is designed to keep your puppy warm and repel moisture and dirt. The fluffy undercoat protects your puppy from extreme temperatures while the longer outercoat helps to repel water and dirt, keeping your puppies skin free from irritants. Double coated puppies go through seasonal coat blow, which involves the shedding of the undercoat to avoid overheating in summer. Owners of double coated breeds will be familiar with the clumps of fur which can be found during spring and summer time. Follow the tips below to minimise mess caused by regular shedding and coat blow, and also keep your puppy’s skin looing happy and healthy.

  1. Brush or Comb, from my experience I highly recommend the Comb, we use it on our Japanese Akita’s and I couldn’t use any other equipment.

Use a de-matting rake to carefully/gentle stroke your puppy’s fur, starting at the roots. Slowly work through your puppy’s fur, allowing the rake to do its job and remove small matting, being careful to avoid pulling too hard.

Next, use a shredding brush to brush in the direction of growth for your puppy’s fur. Avoid using brush strokes which are longer than 15 centimetres to prevent unnecessary irritation. Clean the brush frequently to avoid a build-up of fur. You’ll know you’ve done your job when your brush comes out free of hair.

  • Bathe

With double coat puppies, it’s very important to bathe regularly. Loose hair and debris can be washed away with shampoo and conditioner and will keep your puppy’s coat smooth. To bathe a double coated puppy is fairly straightforward.

Firstly, thoroughly wet your puppy’s outercoat and inner coat. Then, apply shampoo to the back, underside and legs. Use your hands to lather the shampoo into the puppy’s fur, ensuring that the entire coat is treated. Use a washcloth to apply small amounts of shampoo to your puppy’s face, ears, and tail. Rinse the shampoo out thoroughly and use perform the same procedure using a puppy conditioner.

  • Remove any remaining fur.

Finally, use a stiff bristled brush to remove any excess fur. Go over your puppy’s entire coat a few times and allow then allow them to fully dry. This process will catch any remaining loose fur and distribute helpful oils throughout your puppy’s coat.

Positive Reinforcement
Make it fun!! Use treats when the puppy is happy and enjoying the experience or after completion of the coat, to reinforce behaviour from a young age with treats, praise and pats is a good way to start any new experience.
And above all else, be patient with the puppy, sometimes they think the comb or brush is a new toy, until they realise what you expect from them is when you will find it much easier.

By following these tips, you can improve your puppy’s grooming routine and ensure their overall skin and coat health. A good grooming routine is the key to a lush, shiny, healthy coat and should always be a priority for you as the owner.

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